In the end, we have official names for the most characteristic structures on Pluto’s largest moon, Charon. The New Horizont probe sent sensational pictures of this object to Earth in 2016, completely changing our concept of it.

The International Astronomical Union (IAU) has decided to crown the names of great travelers from world literature. There was also a place for the work of Stanisław Lem. One of the craters received the name Pirx in honor of the famous pilot appearing in the literature of the great Polish writer.

Crater names:

Pirx Crater – The Pirx Pilot will surely know you if you have read the literature of our great science fiction writer, Stanisław Lem. Pirx traveled between Earth, Moon and Mars.

Nemo Nemo crater – Nemo does not need to be presented to anyone, after all it is a character well known from the science-fiction literature of Juliusz Verne under the title: “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea”.

Crater Revati – This applies to the Hindu epic poem Mahabharata, in which Rewati appears. This story is considered the first in history (around 400 BC), in which the concept of time travel was included.

Sadko Crater – This is the name of an adventurer from traditional medieval songs who traveled to the seabed.

Dorothy Crater – In honor of Dorothy Gale, who is the protagonist of a series of children’s novels about traveling to the magical world of Oz. The author of the novel is of course L. Frank Baum.

Nasreddin Crater – Traveler Hodża Nasreddin appears in many tales spread in the Middle East, southern Europe and part of Asia.

fwffw5rtgcharon03adwd The IAU gave names to structures on Charon, the moon of Pluto. Fig. NASA.

Names of canyons:

Caleuche Canyon – This is the name of a ghostly ghost ship that swims the seas around the small island of Chiloé, near the coast of Chile, picking up the dead who live forever on board.

Argo Canyon – Argo is, of course, the name of the ship, which Jason and Argonauts traveled in the expedition to the Golden Fleece.

Mandjet Canyon – Refers to the name of the boat from the Egyptian mythology, which traveled every day in the sky Ra (Re) – the god of the sun. mandjet is considered one of the earliest mythological examples of spacecraft.


Clarke’s Mountains – Sir Arthur C. Clarke is one of the world’s most famous science-fiction and futurist writers. He is the creator of, among others novel “2001: Space Odyssey”.

Top Butler – This is a tribute to the writer Octavia E. Butler, known to us from the Xenogenesis trilogy, and telling about the departure of humanity from Earth and returning to it again. She was the first of the science-fiction writers to receive the MacArthur Fellowship award.

Kubrick’s Mountain – Of course, in honor of Stanley Kubrick, director of the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, depicting the evolution of humanity from hominids to space explorers.

Source: IAU / Photo NASA / IAU